In the passage below, the international Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), one of the many inter-governmental organizations created after World War II, provides a brief summary of educational developments in post-World War II Canada (1945 onwards). The bolding has been added:
"The thumbnail history of Canadian educational reform in the post-war period shares much in common with the United States and the rest of the industrialized world. Strong economic growth in the 1950s and 1960s, combined with increasing demand for schooling, led to rapidly increasing spending on schooling between 1950 and 1970, with much of the energy focused on school construction and teacher hiring. Because of the increased demand for teachers, teacher wages rose considerably over this period. Schools and teachers were given more autonomy over what to teach, and the inspection functions of provincial ministries were delimited or eliminated.
At the same time, provinces were taking increasing financial responsibility for schooling. In 1950, localities paid 64% of the costs, compared to 36% from the provinces; and by 1970, the ratio had largely reversed, with provinces paying 60% and localities 40%. By 1997, eight out of the ten provinces had taken total responsibility for funding…
…The post-war boom of the 1950s and 1960s gave way to hard economic times in the 1970s, and the final three decades of the 20th century saw Canadian education seeking a way to cut costs while increasing educational outcomes.
Globalization and the arrival of the knowledge economy increased the importance of schooling as a matter of economic competitiveness. A neoliberal emphasis on efficiency pervaded the system, and support for greater choice, growing support for private schools, and increased state accountability became the order of the day."